Making Disciples of Oral Learners
As you discover more about the world of oral teaching and learning, you might want to widen your knowledge of the research that has been done in this area.
We are happy to provide you with some additional reading that will get you started. Making Disciples of Oral Learners was first published by the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelism in 2004.
- Originally published as Lausanne Occasional Paper (LOP) No. 54 “Making Disciples of Oral Learners” Issues Group No. 25
This is an article from the May-June 2014 issue: From Gutenberg to Zuckerberg
Mission Frontiers Leader Development and Orality
Oral Communication Bibliography
- Baush, William J. (1984) Storytelling: Imagination and Faith (Mystic, Connecticut: Twenty Third Publications)
- Berry, Jack (1961) Spoken Art in West Africa (London: Lutterworth)
- Boomershine, Thomas E. (1988) Story Journey (Nashville: Abingdon Press)
- Chafe, Wallace L. (1980) Editor; The Pear Stories: Cognitive, Cultural, and Linguistic Aspects of Narrative Production (Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation)
- Cipolla, Carlo M. (1969) Literacy and Development in the West (New York: Penguin Books)
- Cole, Michael and Gay, John (1971) The Cultural Context of Learning and Thinking: An Exploration in Experimental Anthropology (New York: Basic Books)
- Cole, Michael and Scribner, Sylvia (1973) Culture and Thought (New York: John Wiley)
- Domowitz, Susan (1988) An Ethnography of Storytelling in Two Anyi Communities (Ivory Coast: PhD Dissertation for Indiana University in Department of Folklore)
- Finnegan, Ruth (1970) Oral Literature in Africa (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
- ——–. (1977) Oral Poetry: Its Nature, Significance, and Social Context (Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press)
- ——–. (1967) Limba Stories and Story-Telling (London: Oxford Press)
- Foley, John Miles The Albert Bates Lord Studies in Oral Tradition
- Gerhardsson, Birger (1961) Memory and Manuscript (Copenhagen: Gleerup and Lund)
- Goody, Jack (1968) Literacy in Traditional Society (London: Cambridge University Press)
- Grumperz, John J. and Hymes, Dell (1986) Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication (Oxford, U.K.: Basil Blackwell)
- Haaland, Ane (1984) Pretesting Communication Materials (UNICEF Publication)
- Hall, Edward T. (1959) The Silent Language (Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcett)
- Havelock, Eric A. (1963) Preface to Plato (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press)
- ——–. (1976) Origins of Western Literacy (Toronto: Ontario Institute for Studies in Education)
- Jousse, Marcel (1925) Le Style Oral Rhythmique et Mnemotechnique Chez les Verbo- moteurs (Paris: G. Beauchesne)
- ——–. (1990) The Oral Style (New York: Garland Publishing Inc.)
- Kelber, Werner (1983) The Oral and Written Gospel: The Hermeneutics of Speaking and Writing in the Synoptic Tradition, Mark, Paul and Q (Philadelphia: Fortress Press)
- Klem, Herbert V. (1982) Oral Communication of the Scripture (Pasadena, California: William Carey Library)
- Luria, A.R. (1976) Cognitive Development: Its Cultural and Social Foundations (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press)
- Levi-Strauss, Claude (1966) The Savage Mind (Chicago: University of Chicago)
- Lord, Albert B. (1960) The Singer of Tales, Harvard Studies in Comparative Literature, 24 (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press)
- Malinowski, Bronislaw (1923) The Meaning of Meaning: A Study of the Influence of Language upon Thought and of the Science of Symbolism (New York: Hartcourt, Brace; London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner)
- May, Elizabeth (Editor) (1980) Music of Many Cultures (Berkeley: University of California Press)
- Mehrabian, Albert (1972) Nonverbal Communication (New York Aldine, Atherton)
- Miller, Joseph C. (1980) The African Past Speaks: Essays on Oral Tradition and History (London: Dawson; Hamden, Conn.: Archon)
- Narayan, Kirin (1987) Saints, Scoundrels and Storytellers: Folk Narrative in Hindu Religious Teaching (PhD dissertation)
Neusner, Jacob Oral Tradition in Judaism
- Ong, Walter J. (1982) Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word (London and New York: Routledge)
- Parry, Adam (1971) The Making of Homeric Verse: The Collected Papers of Milman Parry, ed. Adam Parry (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
- Rosenberg, Bruce A. (1970) The Art of the American Folk Preacher (New York: Oxford University Press)
- Spradley, J.P. (1972) Culture and Cognition: Rules, Maps and Plans (San Francisco: Chandler)
- Tannen, Deborah (1980) The Pear Stories: Cultural, Cognitive, and Linguistic Aspects of Narrative Production (Norwood, N.J.: Ablex)
- Thompson, Stith (1946) The Folktale (New York: Dryden Press)
- UNESCO (1970) Functional Literacy: Why and How (Paris: UNESCO)
- ——–. (1973) Practical Guide to Functional Literacy (Paris: UNESCO)
- Vansina, Jan (1961) Oral Tradition: A Study of Historical Methodology (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul)
- Weber, H.E. (1957) The Communication of the Gospel to Illiterates (London: SCM)
- Yates, Francis A. (1966) The Art of Memory (Chicago: University of Chicago Press)
- Zwettler, Michael J. (1977) The Oral Tradition of Classical Arabic Poetry (Columbus, Ohio: Ohio State University Press)
Resources on The Internet
The following Web sites related to oral Bible storytelling are ones that we have found useful for those serious about using orality in ministry.
- Audio Resource Guide – www.biblestorytelling.org
- Uses Bible stories in chronological order for the purpose of evangelizing, teaching, preaching, planting new churches, and training church leaders. Workshops, educational opportunities and some resources are included.
- Christian Answers. Net – www.christiananswers.net
- A megasite providing over 30,000 files, includes a LINKS and resources section and information on videos and books which may be useful to the chronological storyteller. Some items which may be worth investigating are, “God’s Story: From Creation to Eternity”(video cassette) – Presents a summary of the Bible from creation to eternity in many languages. It is also available on VCD, audio CD, and audio tape; “The Hope” (video cassette) – A quality film presenting a powerful chronological overview of God’s redemptive story from Genesis to Revelation, in English, but soon to be translated into other languages; “The Stranger on the Road to Emmaus” (book) – The companion book to the “God’s Story” video, available in 5 languages, presents a chronological approach to the Bible with over 100 drawings, maps, and diagrams. A “Muslim sensitive” edition is also available.
- Chronological Bible Storying – www.chronologicalbiblestorying.com
- The official Chronological Bible Storying website loaded with Bible storytelling resources and information.
- Dennis Dewey/Biblical Storyteller – www.disciplethenations.org/index75.html
- This page contains information from the Chronological Bible Storytelling and Network of Biblical Storytellers (NOBS) websites, plus other useful information. It includes future plans for a LINKS section, which is presently under construction. This site’s HOMEPAGE – www.disciplethenations.org – contains information on the role of music and the arts in ethnic music.
- Ethnic Music Index – www.gods-story.org
- This site contains information on all aspects of the internationally acclaimed God’s Story Project which includes a product page with information on their videos, cassettes, audio CDs, and the innovative Evangelist’s Backpack.
- Multilanguage Media Home Page – www.multilanguage.com/feature.htm
- Offers Scriptures, Christian books, and Bible studies in 45 languages. The “Featured Selections” section includes purchasing information on the books, “Storytellers Bible Study,” by Bill Perry – a cross-cultural evangelistic Bible study series designed to walk students from creation to Christ in 12 lessons; and “Crossing Over with Parables,” by Bill Perry – designed to help the non-westerner, struggling with basic issues, to make a commitment to Christ.
- “The best selection of books and tapes on sacred storytelling.” Contains LINKS to related resources.
- New Tribes Missions – www.ntm.org
- The NTM official website is dedicated to the mobilizing, equipping, and coordinating of missionaries to evangelize unreached people groups through the local church. Its on-line store has books, videos, and teaching resources, to include the Firm Foundation product line, which will be of special interest to the Oral Bible storyteller.
- Notes for a Workshop on Biblical Storytelling – www.missionresources.com
- This directory includes Bible, New Testament, Scripture portions, and music recordings on audio cassettes in many languages. It also includes site links.
For Bridges Online Help – Contact Scriptures In Use
To Reach Scriptures In Use
- Click to Email SIU
- Telephone SIU at 1.520.648.6400
Building Bridges to Oral Cultures
Journeys among the Least-reached
by: K. Carla Bowman with James Bowman (Author)
Millions hear the oral gospel.
Building Bridges to Oral Cultures narrates with chronological and adventurous detail, an extraordinary journey that began for Jim and Carla Bowman in the early 80s with a passion to share the Good News with a handful of the least-reached, indigenous groups in Mexico. Over the course of thirty years, their travels led to breakthrough discoveries and innovation in remote communities of traditional oral learners around the world. With time and God’s guiding hand, a new comprehensive, oral communications model emerged. Effective bridges to oral cultures were developed and tested. Without eradicating cultures, speakers of the local languages are embracing the local oral arts to communicate God’s Word and are reaching the lost for Him across the globe.